Should your Montana House of Representatives move away from Constitutional Republic?
There has been some discussion on lowering the standards for Montana House rules from super majorities to simple (51 percent) majorities for the upcoming 66th legislative session all in the name of democracy. The problem is, we are not a democracy. The wisdom of our founders saw the danger in having straight majority rule. When the government starts talking about consolidating power (which moving more power to a simple majority is consolidation) the people of Montana always end up the victims.
Americaís and Montanaís political system was set up as a Constitutional Republic. To quote the pledge, ďto the Republic for which it standsĒ. We currently need super majorities to modify our constitution. We need three-fourths of the Legislature to spend the coal tax fund. We have a U.S. Senate that skews representation to rural states like Montana. We have an Electoral College that gives Montana voters three times more say than a California voter. We have three branches of state government that provide checks and balances. It takes two-thirds majority vote to override a governorís veto. The list of super majorities in our governmental system are many.
In conjunction with these high standards, there are simple 51 percent majority standards, too. As a Republic, the Constitution provides for a healthy mix of power delegated to both the majority and minority.
Why do we have super majorities? To protect the minority idea. Our Constitutional Republic was set up so legislation should move slow and deliberate. It was set up to prevent tyranny of the majority. Since our founding there have been efforts to erode that Constitutional Republic and make government ďeasierĒ by moving toward democracy.
The word ďfairĒ has been used to explain changing our Montana House rules to 51 percent. Is it fair to have the majority that fully controls the minority or should the minority have a voice?
Both parties have had policy or ideas that have been a casualty of the high standards of our Republic. Do we really want to deconstruct the system to get poorly crafted law passed? This goes way beyond partisanship. It goes to the heart of how fairly an idea is treated. The political landscape swings back and forth. One day you are in the majority the next day you are not.
Letís keep our checks and balances. Letís keep the power dispersed proportionally. Letís keep a voice for all Montanans. Letís keep with the wisdom of our founders and keep our Constitutional Republic.
óRep. Matt Regier, HD4; Rep. Carl Glimm, HD6; Rep. John Fuller, HD8; Rep. David Dunn, HD9; Rep. Mark Noland, HD10, Rep. Derek Skees HD11